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This page is a resource that we use for Christian bible study. We have developed some of the information on this page and we have borrowed information from other studies which are freely available. Our intent is to provide a study resource that we can access when traveling. We do not disagree with anyone's personal interpretation of scripture and our thoughts are not offered as an argument for the perspective from our understanding of this revelation. Please feel free to read or use the study material if it is of help. Thank you - Love, Peace and Joy

Hebrew Studies - Lesson #5 Conversational Hebrew


A. Thank you very much

"Thank you"    in Hebrew is     "Toda"

"Very much"    in Hebrew is    "Raba"

Thank you very much    =    Toda raba

דבﬣ דﬣ
raba toda
very much thank you



B. Hello or Good-By or Good-Luck Or Best Wishes  =  Shalom

            Shalom means Peace ... though also much more:

            The Hebrew word Shalom is derived from the word Shelomoh which means "God of Peace"

            To say Shalom in Hebrew is to invoke a blessing from God.



If we consider the ideogramic meaning of the individual Hebrew letters in the word Shalom,  שלוּם  ,

we see the conceptual images of the individual letters mean something like:  "to overcome the authority that maintains chaos"

a pretty good definition of peace - use Shalom to say hello or good-by



C. The Hebrew word for heal is pronounced  RAPHA


The letters are ALEF - PE - RESH which in sequence mean strength - mouth - head.

Healing requires your head to believe (RESH), your mouth to confess (PE) and strength (ALEF)


The Hebrew word for relax (RAPHAH) is a little different but similar to RAPHA (heal)


The letters are HA - PE - RESH which in sequence mean behold the grace - mouth - head

Relaxation requires your head to believe (RESH), your mouth to confess (PE) and grace (HA)


The Hebrew word for reproach (KHERPAH) is again, a little different, however similar to RAPHAH


The letters are HA - PE - RESH - CHET  which in sequence mean behold the grace - mouth - head - fence

Reproach is essentially a "fence" between a person and relaxation which is the root of healing.


In Genesis chapter 30, verse 23 Rachel uses the Kherpah when she states that her reproach is removed. Note that Jesus uses a similar context in the Gospel of John, chapter 8, verses 10-12 in the encounter at the temple with the mob that wishes to stone the woman caught in the act of adultery. Here He does not use condemnation (reproach) - rather he tells her He shall not condem her and He tells her to go and sin no more. The "shall not" or in some translations "nor shall I", of this scripture passage in the Gospel of John is a double negative in Greek - the literal translation is "no not ever"; in the same area of the Gospel of John, actually it is right after this verse that Jesus states: "I am the light of the world ... the light of life". The covenant of the law brings condemnation (reproach) because it only defines the difference, that is the gap, between God and man. Man cannot ever bridge that gap - the purpose of the law (e.g. ten commandments) is to demonstrate to man that the only solution for reconciliation with God is with God not through any efforts which a man may attempt. The covenant of the law helps us to see the fence (CHET) which separates man from God just as the CHET in KHERPAH defines the fundamental difference between reproach and relaxation which is the root of our healing. You can see Kherpah used again in the Old Testament book of 1 Samuel, chapter 17, verse 26 where David speaks of reproach. Again, reproach is like the letter CHET in KHERPAH - reproach is a fence between us and God. As Christians we have the free grace provided by Jesus' death and resurrection which bridges that gap between us and God.

There is a connected concept in the New Testament Epistle of Paul to the Romans, chapter 6, verses 9-11: "We know that Christ, being raised from the dead, will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him. The death he died, he died to sin, once for all; but the life he lives, he lives to God. So you also must consider yourselves dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus."

Note that the term "once for all" or in some translations "once and for all" is the Greek word ephapax - definitely an emphasis on "once". Jesus did not die under the power of sin, rather he died (once) to eliminate the condemnation, the imputation, the guilt, the penalty, for our sins - past, present and into the future. He did this on the cross for us who believe that He is God and is raised from the dead as a testimony, a guarantee, a witness of this promise to those who believe in Him and call Him Lord and Savior. If we continue on in Romans, chapter 6, to verses 12 and 13: "Therefore, do not let sin exercise dominion in your mortal bodies, to make you obey their passions. No longer present your  members to sin as instruments of wickedness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life, and present your members to God as instruments of righteousness." The phrase "do not let sin exercise dominion in your mortal bodies" within the context provided by the previous verses means "not by our own efforts" and the Greek word for instruments is actually "weapons" - our physical bodies become weapons for righteousness to provide healing, comfort and the Gifts/Fruits of the Holy Spirit who indwells the Christian. Note the continuation of this scripture (Romans, chapter 6) to verse 14: "For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace." The grace purchased for us by Jesus on the cross has removed all condemnation for the sin our life - because this condemnation is removed so is the fear which separates us from God. It is this grace that enables our "body members" to be "weapons" of righteousness against the ramifications of sin in our world: sickness, broken relationships, stress, etc.. Note that for Adam and Eve, in the Garden of Eden, the initial ramification of their sin was to fear God and they hid from Him because of the condemnation which came upon them through that sin.

One final verse in this dialog on healing, relaxation and reproach is the New Testament Epistle 1 Peter, chapter 2, verse 24: "He himself bore our sins in his body on the cross, so that, free from sins, we might live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed." As Christians, we are free form sin so that we might live for His righteousness and we are healed.

Our understanding of Rapha (heal) and Raphah (relax) come from a teaching by Joseph Prince.


D. There is a Hebrew word often translated from the Old Testament as: to dwell or to inhabit - pronounced: SHAKEN


Though there are other Hebrew words also translated as to dwell or to inhabit - SHAKEN has a some what special meaning as it carries with it the connotation of taking up residence for a long time with some one (like a husband and wife) or a group of people (like buying a house in a neighborhood). Take Solomon using the word SHAKEN at the dedication of the temple at Jerusalem in the Old Testament book of 1Kings, chapter 8, verse 27: "will God ... dwell (SHAKEN) on earth ... heaven and earth cannot contain Him ... how much less this house ... " . Another good example is found in the Old Testament book of Isaiah, chapter 57, verse 15: " ... thus says the high and lofty One ... who inhabits (SHAKEN) the high and lofty places ... I will revive ... those of a contrite and humble spirit ... "

A Hebrew word based on SHAKEN ( שכ  )   is SHEKINAH:    שכיבﬣ         

SHEKINAH is spelled in different ways depending on the source and is an ancient Hebrew word not found in the Old Testament. It is a term often used in the Talmud and has made a migration into many Christian commentaries over the last two thousand years. Where SHAKEN is a verb to dwell or inhabit with a connotation for a protracted period of time, the literal meaning of SHEKINAH is a noun which defines a presence or dwelling.

SHEKINAH is used to describe the visible, tangible, manifestation of God - that is the Divine Presence, the Shekinah Glory of God. Moses at the burning bush, the cloud and pillar of fire over the Israelites during the forty years in the desert, God's glory filling the Tabernacle and the Temple of Solomon, the tongues of fire at Pentecost - the list is much larger. While Shekinah Glory is not an actual Old Testament reference there is a statement which is equivalent: "Glory of the Lord (YHWH)".

  יﬣ כנד
  YHWH Glory of


Some related scripture references for the Glory of the Lord (YHWH):

Exodus, chapter 13, verses 20-22:  After leaving Sukkoth they camped at Etham on the edge of the desert. By day the Glory of the Lord went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night.  Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.

Exodus, chapter 24, verses 15-18: When Moses went up on the mountain, the cloud covered it, and the glory of the Lord settled on Mount Sinai. For six days the cloud covered the mountain, and on the seventh day the Lord called to Moses from within the cloud. To the Israelites the glory of the Lord looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain. Then Moses entered the cloud as he went on up the mountain. And he stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

Exodus, chapter 34, verses 29-35: When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the covenant law in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the Lord. When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, his face was radiant with the glory of the Lord, and they were afraid to come near him. But Moses called to them; so Aaron and all the leaders of the community came back to him, and he spoke to them. Afterward all the Israelites came near him, and he gave them all the commands the Lord had given him on Mount Sinai. When Moses finished speaking to them, he put a veil over his face. But whenever he entered the Lord’s presence to speak with him, he removed the veil until he came out. And when he came out and told the Israelites what he had been commanded, they saw that his face was radiant. Then Moses would put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with the Lord.

Isaiah, chapter 60, verses 1-5: Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord rises upon you. See, darkness covers the earth and thick darkness is over the peoples, but the Lord will rise upon you and his glory will appear over you ... nations will come to your light ... kings to the brightness of your dawn ... lift up your eyes and look about you ... assemble ... come from afar ... look and be radiant ... your heart will throb and swell with joy ... to you the riches of the nations will come.

Zechariah, chapter 2, verses 8-11: ... the Glory of the Lord ... you (are) the apple of his eye ... I am coming, and I will live among you,” declares the Lord ... many nations will be joined with the Lord in that day and will become my people. I will live among you and you will know that the Lord Almighty has sent me  ...

New Testament Book of Acts, chapter 2, verses 1 - 4: When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues. ...


E. The word Hope can be either a verb (e.g. I hope) or a noun (e.g. The Lord is our hope) - in Hebrew these are two different words.

The Hebrew word for hope as a verb (e.g.  I hope) is Tikvah (pronounced teek-VAH with an emphasis on the second syllable)


The Hebrew word for hope as a noun (e.g. The Lord is our hope) is Seber (pronounced say'-ber with an emphasis on the first syllable)




F. Phrase: "Blessed is the Lord" ... pronounced: BA-RUCH HA-SHEM

  ﬣשם ברד
  the Lord Blessed is

Baruch Hashem (Blessed is the Lord) is a common Hebrew expression indicating that "everything is fine". It is a frequent response to "How are you?" or "How are you doing?" - note that because Jewish folks do not speak the Name of God they often find close approximations - in this phrase the word Hashem has the literal meaning: self-existent or eternal. Note verse 26 from Psalm 118: "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! We have blessed you from the house of the Lord."


G. In Hebrew the greeting "Welcome" is a variation on on the use of BA-RUCH and is two separate greetings - one for an individual and one for multiple people

Welcome, in Hebrew, expressed to an individual is BA-RUCH HA-BAH

  ﬣבﬡ ברד
Welcome your arrival Blessed is
to a single person    


Welcome, in Hebrew, expressed to multiple people is BRU-CHIM HA-BA-EEM

  ﬣבﬡים ברכים
Welcome your arrival Blessed is
to more than one person    



H. A good expression is: The heavens declare the glory of God.

  ﬡל כבד םםפדים ﬣשםי  
  El ke-vod me-sap-rim Ha-sha-ma-yim  
  of God the glory declare The heavens  



I. The Hebrew word for congratulations is mozel-tov.




J. To many folks the Hebrew word Torah is the name for the first five books of the Old Testament - those five books written by Moses through the inspired grace of God. For Jewish folks, the meaning is this plus they interpret the meaning of this Hebrew word as "teaching" - that is the direct teaching of God to them as His chosen people. We agree and find many references within the written Word of God to support this. The Hebrew word Torah ( תרﬣ)  actually comes from the Hebrew root word Yarah ( רﬣ ) which means to "throw" or "point the way (direct)" or "shoot an arrow". Reviewing the root word is helpful for a better understanding of Torah when we also look at the Hebrew word for sin - Chata ( חטﬡ ). Chata has the literal meaning: "to miss the target".

As Christians, we accept these meanings of Torah ( תרﬣ) and can also look at one more level of meaning - that is the meaning of each letter:

  Hebrew Letter Name of Letter Ancient meaning of Hebrew Letter  

So the meaning of Torah ( תרﬣ) is a reference to the five books of revelation from God which were written by Moses, it is also the "teachings" that are God's word to man (all people) through which we can understand the holiness of God and what is necessary to maintain relationship with God - if you like, the mark we are to"hit" to maintain relationship with God - though, as Christians, we can note that this revelation originates within the context of the covenant which God made with the people of Israel and we are now under the covenant of Grace which has come to us through the life and death of Jesus Christ.

For the Christian, Torah ( תרﬣ) is a wonderful reference for our understanding of God's holiness however it is Jesus Christ who has established and maintains our relationship with God. In addition, if we then consider the meaning of each letter in the Hebrew word Torah ( תרﬣ)  - the understanding of Torah is "what comes from the man nailed to the cross".

Note this scripture reference: Psalm 119, verse 34;

  בנלנ ﬡשםרתד תרﬣד  
  vechollev veech merema Torah  
  with all my heart I will observe it Your teaching  


  ﬡצרﬣ רבינני לד  
  techa veetzra Havineni  
  I will treasure understanding Give me  


The Hebrew word Hanukkah is similar to Torah (teaching)



Both words come from the same root: Chetnumkaf   תבד

The Hebrew word Khinukh (education) also comes from this root.



K. We have been doing a bible study on "bread" looking at the word as a single communication to us in both the Old and New Testaments. Note the words of Jesus in the Gospel of John, chapter 6, verses 32 - 40: 32 Then Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven and gives life to the world. 34 They said to him, Sir, give us this bread always. 35 Jesus said to them, I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. 36 But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe. 37 Everything that the Father gives me will come to me, and anyone who comes to me I will never drive away; 38 for I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. 40 This is indeed the will of my Father, that all who see the Son and believe in him may have eternal life; and I will raise them up on the last day.”

There are also two verses to consider in Paul's first letter to the Christian church at Corinth:

1 Corinthians chapter 11, verses 23 + 24: "... the Lord Jesus ... took bread ... he gave thanks ... he broke it and said: This is my body which is broken for you ... do this in remembrance of me"

1 Corinthians chapter 10, verse 17: "because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of one bread"

For us as Christians, Jesus is the bread of life, it is he, the Word of God, who came down from heaven for our salvation , for the atonement of our sins, for the health and prosperity of our lives here on earth and so that we might be one, as Christians, that is one body, the body of Christ. Note the words of God to the people of Israel in the Old Testament book Deuteronomy, chapter 8, verse 3: "one does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord"

 Looking at this portion of Deuteronomy, chapter 8, verse 3 in Hebrew:

  ﬣﬡדם יי לכד לחם צל ל  
  man he shall live alone bread on not  


The Hebrew word for bread is  לחם  pronounced LECHEM - note the letters: MEM-CHET-LAMED


  Hebrew Letter Name of Letter Ancient meaning of Hebrew Letter  
  ל LAMED Shepherd's Staff or Crook  
  ח CHET Fence  
  ם MEM Water  

     Jesus is our shepherd, the door for the sheep and the door grants us access to the "living water" of God's wonderful grace.

Without developing the images which scripture provides for shepherd, door and living water -  at this point in our study - let's rather consider the Hebrew root for LECHEM (Hebrew word for bread).

The Hebrew word LECHEM (bread) has the Strong Hebrew reference #3899 - the meaning can be extrapolated to food in general however most often foods made from grain and within the Old Testament books it is most often translated, from context, as grain processed into bread. The Hebrew root for LECHEM is Strong reference #3898 - pronounced LACHAM - the Hebrew spelling using the original 3 letters is the same. In modern Hebrew the words are distinct because of the different vowels used however in our studies we use just the 22 primary Hebrew letters which the books of the Old Testament utilize so for both words, that is LECHEM and LACHAM, the original Hebrew spelling is לחם. What makes this curious is the meaning of LACHAM (the root word for LECHEM which is the Hebrew word for bread) can be translated in a few Old Testament verses as battle, however the meaning, interpreted by context, for most instances of LACHAM within the Old Testament is "to prevail in conflict". Thinking about this for awhile we currently hold the thought that Jesus made peace between God and man through his life, death and resurrection - He put an end to the gap which the sin of Adam and Eve created. He broke the power which principalities had over man because we were separated from God by sin. Note the angels on the evening of Jesus' birth in the Gospel of Luke, chapter 2, verses 8 - 14:

"8 In that region there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9 Then an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid; for see—I am bringing you good news of great joy for all the people: 11 to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is the Messiah, the Lord. 12 This will be a sign for you: you will find a child wrapped in bands of cloth and lying in a manger.” 13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God and saying,

14 “Glory to God in the highest heaven,
and on earth peace among those whom he favors!”

The joyous peace proclaimed at the birth of Jesus is not between men - rather it is between God and man.

Therefore it is by our faith in Jesus Christ that we prevail over all the principalities and powers of this world - Jesus is the one who actually did this however when we as Christians share communion we participate in this wonderful attribute of God's glory - that is - we celebrate the breaking of bread in remembrance of the gift which Jesus gave to us when his body was broken for our salvation, for the atonement of our sins, for the health and prosperity of our lives here on earth and so that we might be one, as Christians, that is one body - the body of Christ.  A Christian can celebrate communion, with thanksgiving, with members of her/his local church, in small groups or as an individual. What seems clear from this study is how important a gift the breaking of bread in remembrance of Jesus Christ is in our lives.

Jesus Christ is the "Bread of Life: Gospel of John, chapter 6, verse 35 - pronounced in Hebrew:  LECHEM HA-CHEYIM

One additional item that caught our attention during this study is the location of Jesus' birth: Bethlehem  -  Hebrew translation:  House of Bread

  לחם בית
  Bread House of


These are the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet:

    ב ג ד ז ח ט י כ    
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11    
    ל ם נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת    
    12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22    


K. Here is a nice verse from the Old Testament book Job, chapter 19, verse 25

  תי בﬡלי ידצתי די  
  chai goali ya-da-ati vaani  
  lives my Redeemer I know For  


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